1 Samuel 1:1-2 Elkanah Is A Devote Levite From The Days Of The Judge
Cross reference (cf.) With Judges 13:2; 17:1; 19:1, 1 Chronicles 6:33-34. Ramah means hilltop as in hilltop fortress town. Elkanah was not Ephraimite by tribe but by geography; the same way Bethlehem was in the tribe of Judeah's region but in Ephrath (cf. Genesis 35:16,19; Ruth 4:11; Micah 5:2).
1 Samuel 1: 3-8 Elkanah Is A Devout Levite With A Disfunctional Family
cf. Genesis 4:19, 16:1-16; Genesis 21:8-21; Genesis 29:14b-24. The phrase “better than 10 sons” may have been an idiom used to comfort. (cf. Ruth 4:15)
1 Samuel 1: 9-18 Hannah Pours Out Her Soul ; Eli Observes Her Heartfelt Prayer
1 Samuel 1:19-20 The LORD Listens To Hannah's Prayer
Samu – El = Listen – God = God Has Heard
1 Samuel 1:21-28 Hannah Gives Her Son To The LORD